We recently made the Jewish calendar that comes with 1st grade. The TM says the Jewish New Year is in the spring because the Jewish people celebrate their new beginning as a people as marked by Passover when God led them out of Egypt. Makes sense to me. Well, my pastor is Jewish (born and raised) (converted ) and last week at church he is saying "Happy New Year" in Hebrew and talking about how it's the Jewish New Year. Confused now ; I look it up briefly on the internet and sure enough it says the New Year is in the fall????? Is the TM incorrect or what am I missing here.
It is confusing, isn't it? I can't say that I totally get it, so I thought a Jewish quote might explain it better than I. Here's an explanation I found at a site called Judaism 101:
- You may notice that the Bible speaks of Rosh Hashanah as occurring on the first day of the seventh month. The first month of the Jewish calendar is Nissan, occurring in March and April. Why, then, does the Jewish "new year" occur in Tishri, the seventh month?
Judaism has several different "new years," a concept which may seem strange at first, but think of it this way: the American "new year" starts in January, but the new "school year" starts in September, and many businesses have "fiscal years" that start at various times of the year. In Judaism, Nissan 1 is the new year for the purpose of counting the reign of kings and months on the calendar, Elul 1 (in August) is the new year for the tithing of animals, Shevat 15 (in February) is the new year for trees (determining when first fruits can be eaten, etc.), and Tishri 1 (Rosh Hashanah) is the new year for years (when we increase the year number. Sabbatical and Jubilee years begin at this time).
sarah wrote:Yeah, that's confusing. How do use one to count the months and one to change the year number?
The best I can figure, the feasts have a lot to do with harvest. And I think of the "feast year" as starting in the fall, even if the calendar year starts in the spring.
Most of the feasts seem to have grain offerings and emphasize offering the "first" to God, so harvest & feast must be pretty synonymous. And the first big harvests probably come in in the fall? I do get the idea that Israel is not like Minnesota, and there is a winter planting with a spring harvest, too -- because there are grain offerings in the spring too. But maybe it was easier or more clear to start with the fall harvest? Harvest also has to do with the "seventh year Sabbath" of letting the land rest (not sure if that was practiced for long, but it was in the instructions), which might sort-of start with the "evening" like the Sabbath day, at the usual point of the winter planting? Okay, that's a total random guess, but that's how my mind jumps around
The thing that makes an impression on me (which you'll find in CTG) is that all these timetables come together in Jesus' life and it really showed me that there's a bigger picture here than we can comprehend